2nd e intellectual capital doc

Fundamental knowledge in IP law is useful, but not strictly required. Each chapter and subchapter of the book begins with an introductory text, makes references to legislative documents and relevant case law.

2nd e intellectual capital doc

Articles deemed relevant for inclusion underwent systematic data extraction, using a data extraction form developed by the research team, to identify overarching themes. Table 1 Types of intellectual capital IC and healthcare examples Full size table The only major departures from the widely adopted IC categories of human, structural, and relational capital, can be found in studies by Wu and Hu [ 26 ], Chang et al. In addition, many healthcare organizations, such as teaching hospitals and regional planning and governance bodies, have missions that include knowledge generation, translation and application in addition to service delivery and system planning respectively. This somewhat new and unusual form of presentation has to do with the sheer volume into which the subject matter of European IP law has grown in the past years, which would indeed have turned a true Cases and Materials book into a rather heavy brick difficult to carry around. Warsteiner Brauerei, Sot. Lucheng Meijing and Nokia v. Total Belgium and Galatea xl European intellectual property law v. Republic of Italy Freeport v. Human capital refers to the knowledge, skills and experiences owned and used by individuals [ 9 , 20 — 24 ]. We offer several recommendations for future research. It is a handbook aimed primarily at students, but also at lawyers Europeans as well as nonEuropeans who want to familiarise themselves with the fundamental structure and current state of the subject matter.

Contents xv 5. Petrus van der Let Mag Instruments v.

wipo

Mars Martin Luksan v. Commission and Germany and Denmark v.

Accounting for intellectual capital

The following research questions guided the study: 1 How is IC conceptualized and defined in healthcare organizations? At Elgar, the editorial staff has to be thanked for their thorough work of turning the xxiv European intellectual property law manuscript into the final book, as well as Luke Adams and Tim Williams for their patience with the authors. Yplon S. Workforce instability among leaders and front-line staff, the limitations of administrative and clinical databases for supporting research and learning, and demands for large-scale reform are common challenges facing healthcare organizations and systems. Each chapter and subchapter of the book begins with an introductory text, makes references to legislative documents and relevant case law. The book is not a Treatise in a classical sense, since in addition to the explanatory and summarising text it also contains a fair amount of original, verbatim text of original documents. The most commonly used definitions describe IC as the sum or stock of knowledge that organizations use for value creation and competitive advantage [ 8 , 9 ]. A lack of awareness or understanding of the IC flowing through an organization or system threatens the success and sustainability of new initiatives, and the efficacy of strategic planning, decision-making, and change management. Through a screening process outlined in Fig. The book can thus be used in whole or in part.

Articles deemed relevant for inclusion underwent systematic data extraction, using a data extraction form developed by the research team, to identify overarching themes. Finally, healthcare delivery is very siloed which makes it difficult to use available IC across an organization and among organizations.

Nature of intellectual property rights

Sweden Application No. Dassonville Davidoff v. Table 1 Types of intellectual capital IC and healthcare examples Full size table The only major departures from the widely adopted IC categories of human, structural, and relational capital, can be found in studies by Wu and Hu [ 26 ], Chang et al. First, managers and policy-makers often have difficulty assessing whether necessary human resources, capabilities and processes are in place for the successful development and implementation of strategy, change or innovation. Without stronger management of such issues, what is known or could be known at one point in time is lost with the passage of time. Although the literature on IC in healthcare is growing, it is not advanced. The websites referred to in the book were all last accessed on 6 November Hence, the authors first of all would like to express their deep gratitude to Dr. The book can thus be used in whole or in part. These examples reflect those provided in the broader IC literature, suggesting that most IC sub-dimensions are consistent across industries. Laserdisken Lego Juris v. Mars Martin Luksan v. With few exceptions, the text does not quote from books or articles, and it also as a rule does not include references to literature in the footnotes. Understanding European IP law is particularly difficult for non-EU citizens who are not familiar with the internal mechanisms of the European Union, its different legal traditions and the often complex overlay and interplay of EU and national norms. The RBV has similarly been criticized for circular reasoning, and for being impractical due to causal ambiguity as to the source of competitive advantage [ 33 ].

This somewhat new and unusual form of presentation has to do with the sheer volume into which the subject matter of European IP law has grown in the past years, which would indeed have turned a true Cases and Materials book into a rather heavy brick difficult to carry around.

Fourth, leaders of healthcare organizations must respond to multiple stakeholders and meet performance goals across multiple — often competing — dimensions of effectiveness, including access, quality and cost.

nature of intellectual property rights

However, the unique characteristics of the healthcare industry — such as the highly politicized environment, information asymmetry between providers and patients, work processes and decisions that can mean life or death for patients, providers who have contractual not employee relationships with organizations and indirect payment for services by patients through third parties such as government programs and insurance companies — may contribute to significant differences in the relative importance, specific content, and antecedents and outcomes of these widely-accepted IC categories and sub-dimensions.

First, papers explicitly focused on knowledge management, organizational learning, or human resources management — with no discussion or application of the concept of IC — were excluded.

From this perspective, organizational brand and reputation, for example, would be considered intangible assets, but not IC.

Intellectual property rights

Furthermore, special thanks are owed to Susanna Licht from the Munich Max Planck Institute for preparing the tables and for bringing the manuscript in line with Elgars authors guidelines. In addition, many healthcare organizations, such as teaching hospitals and regional planning and governance bodies, have missions that include knowledge generation, translation and application in addition to service delivery and system planning respectively. First, managers and policy-makers often have difficulty assessing whether necessary human resources, capabilities and processes are in place for the successful development and implementation of strategy, change or innovation. Republic of Italy Freeport v. Finally, healthcare delivery is very siloed which makes it difficult to use available IC across an organization and among organizations. The methods and results of the bibliometric analysis are provided in Additional file 1. We also conducted a bibliometric analysis of included papers to help us characterize the literature. The reference lists of included papers were also reviewed to identify additional relevant papers. Yplon S. The challenges associated with integrating and leveraging diverse stocks of IC from across the healthcare system limit the efficacy and impact of system-level reform efforts that rely on the buy-in and alignment of multiple stakeholder groups. Contents xv 5. Understanding European IP law is particularly difficult for non-EU citizens who are not familiar with the internal mechanisms of the European Union, its different legal traditions and the often complex overlay and interplay of EU and national norms. Centrafarm , Keurkoop v. Instead, a list of books is provided in the bibliography, to which the interested reader is referred for further information and in-depth study. Organizations that deliver healthcare services e.
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