Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone. Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective usuallya clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice.
Dashes should be limited to the insertion of an explanatory comment in a sentence, while hyphens should be limited to connecting prefixes to words [e. For centuries this dialectical processing of objective fact and subjective evaluation has been the goal of academic writing and of the training that leads to academic writing.
There is a heavy reliance on extracts from scientific textbooks e.
There should be narrative links between sentences and paragraphs so that the reader is able to follow your argument. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
The semantics of the modal auxiliaries.