What to include in discussion section of thesis

Phd thesis discussion chapter example

You should only mention limitations that are directly relevant to your research objectives , and evaluate how much impact they had on achieving the aims of the research. Just like with the qualitative data, you must ensure that your data is appropriately organised. A full understanding of the limitations of your research is part of a good discussion section. What parts would it need? Acknowledge the limitations Even the best research has some limitations, and acknowledging these is important to demonstrate your credibility. What is the difference between a discussion section and your conclusion? Annesley Thomas M. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. But even if you're new to it, try and get to grips with what critical thinking entails and use it in your work. Make a good point of discussing and evaluating any conflicting explanations of your results. One of the main issues that students tend to encounter when writing up their findings is the amount of data to include. As before, this may be a separate section, or included in your discussion.

In terms of presentation, both the findings and discussion chapters will benefit from a clear and logical introduction and chapter summary. Conversely, every method should also have some results given so, if you choose to exclude certain experiments from the results, make sure that you remove mention of the method as well.

It is also one of the most difficult parts to write, and sometimes the longest. Again, you've likely used a software program to run your statistical analysis, and you have an outline and subheadings where you can focus your findings.

Discussion of findings example

Your discussion section is a review of your findings, and it should show you really understand them. This is why the analysis chapter is usually weighted quite heavily on the marking rubric. It is possible to layer your subheadings, so you might have a Chapter 2, a Section 2. Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. An ethnographer might devote a chapter to each theory they have built from observation. For example, if you have completed a qualitative research project, you might have identified some key themes within the software program you used to organise your data. Bates College; Hess, Dean R. This demonstrates to the reader you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective.

You should refer to every table or figure in the text. Creating sub-sections How you choose to organise your discussion is entirely up to you.

combining results and discussion in qualitative research

The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. Could our dissertation writing service help you?

What to include in discussion section of thesis

For example, an artist may discuss each project and what it means separately. One of the easiest ways to approach this task is to create an outline. MacCoun, Robert J. Pretend your results are produced by a machine then describe the machine. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. If so, why might this be? Creating sub-sections How you choose to organise your discussion is entirely up to you. This is a huge chunk of information, so it's essential that it is clearly organised and that the reader knows what is supposed to be happening. What is your plagiarism score? Many students choose to contact professional editors to help with this as they hold the relevant expertise to guide you on the correct path to creating a perfect discussion section that is ready for submission. This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results than being part of the general research you cited to provide context and background information.

The Discussion section needs to follow from your results and relate back to your literature review. Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section.

dissertation discussion example

Well, the best way to start in my view is just to write, but perhaps start to write without the specific purpose of the discussion chapter in mind. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader.

Your discussion section allows you to take a fresh perspective on your findings, so you can dig deep and provide new and original ideas from your research. Now, these three outcomes can be important.

How to write a discussion in a report

Make sure that each table and figure has a number and a title. The second source of anxiety is the need to think creatively. This can be framed as new research questions that emerged as a result of your analysis. You also need to consider how best to present your results: tables, figures, graphs, or text. If you encountered problems when gathering or analyzing data, describe these and explain how they influenced the results. Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in the introduction. The discussion should show how your findings fit with existing knowledge, what new insights they contribute, and what consequences they have for theory or practice. If you have not completed this process, you must do so before beginning to write. Make sure you can justify why you chose one particular test over another. Just like with the qualitative data, you must ensure that your data is appropriately organised. Acknowledge the limitations Even the best research has some limitations, and acknowledging these is important to demonstrate your credibility. In shorter dissertations, it might make sense to have both of these comprise one section. You can consider following this sequence: 1 refer to your research question; 2 provide the answer; 3 justify it with relevant results; 4 link your work to the work of others.

Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information.

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Dissertation findings and discussion sections